Trampoline is one of the latest members of the gymnastics family and arrived by 1 January 1999 as a result of the merger of FIG and FIT (Federation Internationale de Trampoline), but there have been World Championships in trampoline since 1964.
The sport consists of 3 different disciplines
Trampoline is the only one of the 4 disciplines, which are on the Olympic gymnastics programme. Trampoline was on the Olympic Programme for the first time at the Sydney 2000 games.
A competition in trampoline consists of 3 routines, 2 in the qualification round and one in the final. A routine must show good control, constant height and correct style. It consists of 10 different skills performed as high rhythmic moves and each of them may land on the feet, front or back.
The best male athletes will do routines with 1 to 3 triple somersaults and the rest of the moves will be double somersaults with lots of twist as well. The best female athletes will do routines with 10 double somersaults with or without twists
Synchronised trampoline is the most beautiful sport of trampoline, with two competitors in two different trampolines set side by side, trying to do the same routine as simultaneous as possible. Quite often it is like looking in a mirror.
Tumbling is a very old sport and was an Olympic discipline in 1932.
The sport as we know it today is taking place on a track where the power comes from glass fibre rods, which allow the competitor to do very fast and explosive routines with double somersaults with or without twists.
A competition consists of a qualification round with two routines of 8 skills and a final also with two routines of 8 skills. A routine consists of skills from feet to feet, or feet - hands - feet; has to show power, speed and rhythm, must be executed with good style and has to land under control in the landing zone.
Double mini trampoline, DMT
DMT is the youngest sport of trampolining and is also the smallest of the three disciplines.
As the name says, the DMT is "two minitrampolines" linked together, and the athletes do two skills on the DMT and then land under good control on the landing mats in the landing zone.
A DMT competition consists of a qualification round with two passes, and a final with another two passes. The competitor is not allowed to repeat the same skill in the qualification round and in the final.
The pass has to show good height, style and a landing under good control on the landing area.