Disciplines

Characteristics and apparatus

 

Photo: Eileen Langsley

 

 

Trampoline

Individual and Synchron Trampoline

Trampoline competitions consist of three routines with ten elements in each routine.
A routine is characterised by high, continuous rhythmic feet to feet to back, front or seat rotational jumping elements, without hesitation or intermediate straight bounce.

A routine should be planned to demonstrate a variety of forward and backward twisting or non twisting elements, the routine should show good control, form, execution and maintenance of height.

The first routine includes free elements and special requirements. The order in which the elements are performed is at the discretion of the gymnast. Only the execution score of this routine is counted.

Changes to the special requirements will be published at least one year ahead of the next World Championships.

The apparatus

A trampoline is a metal frame with a woven bed made of nylon "strings" 4 or 6 mm in width that is attached to the frame by app. 120 metal springs.

Safety pads cover the springs, to avoid the athletes to fall between them, or hit themselves on the springs.

To improve the security for the athletes, there are safety mats on each end of the trampoline, places on safety platforms. The size of the safety mat is 300 x 200 x 20 cm. A trampoline is so powerful that the best athletes need a sports hall with a height not less than 8 meters, but 10 meter is preferred - it's almost like flying!

   
   

Photo: Michel Pirra / UEG

Tumbling

Tumbling is characterised by continuous linked acrobatics elements. The gymnast performs his pass on a tumbling track which is springy, 2 meters wide and 25 meters long. The last element is landed on a special mat designed to absorb shocks.

The competition consists of a qualification round and the finals. There are team competition and individual competitions.

The apparatus

The tumbling track is 25 meter long and approximately 185 - 200 cm wide, and ends at a landing mat with the dimensions not less than 300 x 600 x 30 cm, that have clearly marked a landing area on the top. The size of the landing area is 200 x 300 cm.

The run up for tumbling is 10 -11 meter and should be at the same high as the track. The Track is made of a steel frame with glass fibre rods attached to it, and covered by foam mats to be able to run and jump on the track.

This powerful equipment allows the athletes to do a routine in 4-5 seconds, with some of the skills at the high of 4-5 meters from the floor.

   
   

Photo: Volker Minkus / UEG

Double mini trampoline DMT

A pass in DMT consists of two skills and has to show good height, style and a landing under good control on the landing area.

The apparatus

As the name says, this apparatus was originally made out of two mini-trampolines.
The construction has been modified a little, but it still looks like two mini-trampolines.

The first part of the trampoline, the one with an angle, is called the mount area and the second part that is horizontal, is called the spotter area.

The frame is app. 2 meter wide and has a length of app. 3,5 meter. The high of the DMT is app. 60 cm. The bed, made of woven nylon"strings" 15 mm wide, is attached to the frame by metal springs.

The landing should take place on the landing mat with the dimensions not less than 300 x 600 x 30 cm, within the landing area, which is 200 x 300 cm large.