Disciplines

Characteristics

 
 

Rope

A rope exercise will give the impression of a very quick and explosive character between the apparatus and the gymnast together with elegant, skilful handling of the rope. The technical movements are executed at varying rhythms and with great variety in direction, plane and speed.

The rope may be of hemp or any synthetic material. Its length is proportionate to the height of the gymnast. It has knots rather than handles at its end.
 

The rope must be held lightly in a manner to permit all the mobility necessary like swings, circles, figure eights and"sails". The gymnast can work with an open rope held by both hands, rope turning forward, backward or laterally together with jumps/leaps or skips/hops into the rope. Other technical groups for rope are throws and catches, toss one end or rotations of the rope. Specific and compulsory body movements for rope are jumps/leaps.

     

 

Hoop

The hoop is a rigid apparatus with which nearly all apparatus techniques can be realised.
It must weigh at least 300 gr and the inner diameter must be between 80 and 90 cm. The hoop can be made out of wood or plastic; the colour is free.
 
The size of the hoop requires a good orientation of the gymnast in space, in order to handle it on different planes and directions. Its characteristic is doubtlessly the passing of the gymnast through the hoop. Rolls over the body and on the floor, passings on the hoop as well as rotations around different axis and large throws make the hoop a very dynamic and attractive apparatus. The hoop allows many variations of throws and catches, thus permitting a lot of creativity. Its handling with other parts of the body is easy to realise.
 

As it is also true for other apparatus, the movements of the hoop must be in relation with the corporal difficulties. All 4 groups of compulsory body movements (jumps / leaps, balance, pivots, flexibility/waves) must be well balanced. No group can have more than 2 additional difficulties over another group.

     

 

Ball

Weight: 400 gr minimum
Diameter: 180 - 200 mm
Colour: free
Material: rubber or soft plastic, antistatic
 
The ball may not be grasped or held on any part of the body, in particular on the open hand.
 
The handling of the ball must follow the corporal progression of the gymnast.
 
The ball favours a very large articular amplitude. The compulsory body movement groups are flexibility and waves.

Bounces favour dynamic and rhythmic movements. Free rolls over the body must be part of the exercise, and the contact with the body must be continuous, prolonging the corporal movements having loops as an effect.

     

 

Clubs

The material of the clubs may be wood or synthetic material.
The length of each club is 40 to 50 cm and the weight 150 gr minimum. The form of the club is like a bottle; the wide part is called "body" and the narrow part "neck". The spherical end of the "neck" is called "head" and its diameter must be 3 cm maximum.
 
The pair of two clubs named "double apparatus". A gymnast
working with the clubs must synchronies her body movements,
not with one, but with two apparatus. This is more interesting but also more difficult.
 
Technical groups for club 1. Small circles
2. Mills
3. Throws and catches
4. Tapping
5. Handling
"Thrusts", swings, circles
Figure eight
Asymmetric movements
 

The compulsory body movement groups for clubs are balances.

     

 

Ribbon exercise

A ribbon exercise is one of the most beautiful, dynamic and entertaining parts of the RG program.
The ribbon must not be shorter than 6m for seniors resp. 5m for juniors. Its weight must not be more than 35 gr, its width is 4 to 6 cm. The ribbon is most often of a nonstarched derivative (satin).
 
The ribbon is freely attached to a stick (diameter 1cm, length 50 to 60cm). In the past, sticks were made out of wood or bamboo, now of plastic or fibreglass.
 
Ribbon exercises require absolute amplitude of movements and good fast-strength preparation of the gymnasts because a ribbon must be in motion from the beginning until the end of an exercise and must not lie static on a floor. The gymnasts should demonstrate changes of speed and amplitude in the handling of the ribbon, balances between the left and right hand work and varied patterns (swings, circles, figure-eight, snakes, spirals small tosses, large throws, throws with boomerang).
 

Specific and compulsory body movements for ribbon are pivots.

     
 

Group exercises

A group exercise (executed by 5 gymnasts, duration between 2'15 and 2'30) is characterised by a guiding idea of co-operation and relationship of all gymnasts in the homogeneous work of the group in a spirit of co-operation.

The work of the group must be clearly apparent through the exercise, from the beginning to the end, with the use of all possible movements of the body and the apparatus (a large variety of shapes, amplitudes, directions, planes and speeds) and all possible relationships.

between the gymnasts: work in pairs, trios or subgroups; jump or leap above a partner
   
between the gymnasts and the apparatus: passing through, above or below the moving apparatus of a partner
   
with the apparatus: exchanges, i.e. throwing the apparatus and receiving the one of the partner
   
synchronised or choral execution (in case of different movements), in rapid succession, in "canon" and with "contrasting" execution.

Each group exercise must include a minimum of 6 different formations by using the whole floor area through variety in the formations, with differences in their amplitude (tight and wide formations), in their position on the floor area, in the use of varied directions. All passive actions (carrying, dragging, walking over one or several gymnasts grouped together, forming pyramids, performing several rolls over one or several gymnasts together without contact with the floor area must not be utilized, because they do not reflect the spirit of RG.

There must be a min. of 6 exchange difficulties which are determined by the body difficulties as well as by the distance of the exchanges (minimum 6m)”.